Beginners guide

Things to know before buying a Tyres:- Must Know Guide!!


by Jack simmon


For Riders, Tyres are one the most important investments after buying the cars themselves. Thus, buying quality certified Tyres with saving some bucks is the requirement of riders. In this post, I have discussed many aspects that you should consider before buying yourself a tire. Let’s start with the basic selection.

First, of one we know how many types of tyres are available in the market for common use so, here we discuss.

Decide which type of tyres you want!

  1. Winter tyres 
  2. snow tyres
  3. summer tyres 
  4. all-season tyres
  5. energy-saving tyres 
  6. Sports tyres
  7. Off-road tyres

There are seven main Tyres available in the market, Winter tyres, snow tyre, summer tyre, all-season tyre, energy-saving tyres, Sports tyres, Off-road tyre. One of the safest Tyres types for a Tyers is the all-seasons tyre. There are also other types of Tyres available in the market.

What should I look for when buying car Tyres?

  • +Know your tire size e g: P215/60/r16 94T
  • +.Tire Width: The three-digit number is the overall width of tire in millimeters.
  • +Aspect Ratio: The relationship between the tire height and width. In 60:, the tire height is approximately 60% of the tire width.
  • +Radial: “R” indicates a radial construction of carcass plies. That runs across the tire from lip to lip, providing strength, stability, flexibility, and comfort.
  • +Wheel Diameter: number indicates that this tire fits on a wheel with a 16-inch diameter.
  • The 94 load/weight tire can support. The T: speed rate, max speed related to load
  • (+Load Index: range from 0 to 279 indicates how much weight Tyres certified to carry at max inflation pressure.)

Winter Tyres 

Basically, winter Tyres are suitable for driving in winter below (+60 C) because the comparison of winter Tyres with summer Tyres is that winter Tyres are made up of natural and soft wearable which provides extra grip between road and Tyres. if you push your brake pad, it will stop very quickly compared to summer Tyres, 

Winter Tyres
Winter Tyres with North American symbol

Summer Tyres, also known as standard Tyres, are not designed for low-temperature driving and difficult weather conditions, and so the performance that they offer will be reduced. Winter tyres are constructed with a specialist rubber compound containing high silica content, enabling them to remain supple when temperatures drop – unlike summer tyres that will stiffen up. This optimal softness means that winter tyres retain high levels of grip when you need it most.

When do I need winter Tyres? All automobiles need winter Tyres if you live in a jurisdiction that receives more than a dusting of snow and icy mud. This is true regardless of the vehicle’s drive type (RWD, FWD, AWD, etc.).

Not entirely true. Traction is all about the Tyres and the weight on each. A bigger, heavier vehicle can plow through drifts better than a lighter vehicle. it’s all about the Tyres and the weight on each. The big SUV clearly did not have snow or all-weather Tyres.

Are all-season Tyres good in winter? Winter Tyres are made of a rubber compound that retains its suppleness when it gets colder. At temperatures below 7C/45F, winter Tyres have better braking performance than all-season Tyres on all surfaces. All-season Tyres are also plain dangerous on snow and ice, offering next to no grip. The tread on winter Tyres is full of tiny grooves called sipes.

if you do know what you are doing, you would NEVER drive an RWD (or other) car on summer Tyres in the snow because it is foolhardy and dangerous. Half of knowing what you are doing has the right equipment for the situation. You wouldn’t go into the backcountry in the mountains during winter without gear, and information on the snowpack, especially if you know what you are doing. Most people don’t try to understand why he/she using winter Tyres. Maybe they want to change but not at the time.

3-Peak Mountain Snowflake Symbol on a tyre

What is the 3-Peak Mountain Snowflake Symbol on a tyre? A 3-peak mountain snowflake rating indicates that the Rubber Manufacturers Association approves the tire as meeting the minimum requirements for performance in severe snow conditions. You can find the 3PMSF rating on both all-season and all-terrain Tyres if they meet the testing criteria, then you have to buy it.

People underestimate how much wheelspin is required to glaze over the snow under your Tyres in freezing temperatures.

During winter months, the legal minimum tyre tread is 3mm – which is almost twice the 1.6mm minimum tyre tread requirement during any other season. So at the very least, make sure your tyres are legal for winter driving, but also consider investing in some winter or all-season tyres.

winter Tyres differ from snow Tyres

Winter TyresSnow Tyres
Made up with soft rubber.Made up with flexy soft rubber.
Comes with a gap between the rubber.Comes with a maximum gap between the rubber.
The quantity of thread beneath the tire is less.The quantity of thread beneath the tire is more.
Combining a compound that remains flexible in extreme coldAggressive tread pattern designed to cut into the snow
Studs are not available on winter tyres Studs are only available on snow tyres 

Snow Tyres

Snow Tyres, also known as winter Tyres, are Tyres designed for use on snow, ice, and muddy roads. Snow Tyres have a tread design with larger gaps than those on conventional Tyres, increasing traction on snow and ice. Such Tyres that have passed a specific winter traction performance test are entitled to display a 3PMSF (Three-Peak Mountain SnowFlake) symbol on their sidewalls of tyre.

Tyres designed for winter conditions are optimized to drive at temperatures below 9 °C (43 °F). Some snow Tyres have metal or ceramic studs that protrude from the tire to increase traction on hard-packed snow or ice. Studs abrade dry pavement, causing dust and creating wear in the wheel path Also, they are a little more slippery on the dry roads and feel a little like driving in the rain.

Snow Tyres
Snow Tyres

Not to mention the noise they make on dry roads. And if you drive dry very often, they may separate from the tyres and spray the underside of your car with studs, as tyre heat is the nemesis of tyre studs.

Are all-season Tyres good in snow? All-season Tyres have tread gaps that are smaller than snow Tyres and larger than conventional Tyres. They are quieter than winter Tyres on clear roads but less capable on snow or ice.

Are cross climate tyres good in snow? Reply- cross climate tyre design for snow, incase you using this tyre in winter or summer cross climate tyre note give a great performance. Effect on your car mileage and many states ban this type of tire in summer.

Can all snow Tyres have metal or ceramic studs? Not really many snow Tyres come without studs because they are made up of soft or glossy rubber but some have metal or ceramic studs. Many states have banned metal stud Tyres in summer because Such Tyres are prohibited in other jurisdictions or during warmer months because of the damage they may cause to road surfaces.

How do snow tyres work? When a tire presses down on snow or ice, it melts the top layer ice, creating a thin layer of water (the same phenomenon that occurs as a skate glides across on a slope). If the water isn’t moved away from the area in front of the tire, the car will hydroplane.

Why do most people avoid purchasing snow Tyres? Snow Tyres aren’t cheap. I learned that this year after buying a Baltimore in the summer. It’s like $1100 for good ones (the same type for old vehicles were like $600). They’re not fit in the budget for this winter, unfortunately.

In conclusion: I highly recommend them if snow is a regular occurrence in your winter months. BUT, do not let them give you a big head.

Summer Tyres 

Summer tyres usually have a shallower tread depth compared to winter tyres. They don’t need the same type of grip on the road as winter or snow Tyres. In turn, summer tyres are far more stable at higher speeds. That means they maintain their shape better than others and why summer Tyres can run at a higher speed than winter Tyres, because summer Tyres are more aerodynamic than other Tyres.

Summer Tyres 

Do summer Tyres provide better all-round performance on warmer days?. They have a relatively hard compound that softens in lower temperatures to be able to adapt to dry as well as wet, muddy roads. Summer tyres have fewer stripes in rubber patterns than winter tyres, but they have specially designed tread bars to minimize aquaplaning.

Can I use winter Tyres in summer? Obviously, the grip isn’t as good as winter Tyres, however, do not use winter Tyres in the summer as the grip will be poor in the warmer weather and they wear out much faster. Winter Tyres take longer to stop and don’t handle as well in the summer as all seasons or summer Tyres. You could potentially avoid an accident on summer Tyres that you couldn’t in winter.

How much tyre pressure is in summer? The recommended pressure is 35 PSI, which means 35 PSI before you start driving. To get the most accurate reading, check your tire pressure in the morning before hitting the road for the day, and adjust your Tyres based on that reading. But the nitrogen will be a better option than the regular air, and it slightly keeps the tyre temperature low.

After how many km should we check the air pressure in the tyre? Before every ride, check your tyre pressure or normally do it every week. You should regularly check in the summer to cause tire pressures to change as you ride your vehicle; in winter, you should check every 10 to 15 days.

But if you are not in the habit of checking the same, then I would suggest GO FOR NITROGEN, as, With nitrogen, your tire pressures will remain more constant, saving you a small amount in fuel and tire maintenance costs.

Also, there will be less moisture inside your Tyres, meaning less corrosion on your rims(inside).

You will not be able to feel any difference in the ride or handling or braking unless your tire pressures were seriously out of spec and changing to nitrogen brought them back to the proper numbers.

All-season Tyres

All-season tyres work well in all conditions, be it in winter or summer. These tyres specialize themselves in giving a durable tread which makes them last longer. The all-season tyres offer maximum traction on water-filled roads and a firm grip is guaranteed on the firm and dry roads.

How do we identify all-season tyres? All-season tyres can carry one to two markings that indicate good winter performance: One is the M+S (Mud + Snow) marking, which indicates that it performs well on both surfaces. However, it is not certified – by 3PMSF.

Can I mix all season and summer Tyres? You should not mix all season and summer Tyres. If you are changing your Tyres to all seasons, you should put all season Tyres on all four wheels. Equally, you should not mix all-season tyres with winter tyres or summer tyres with winter tyres.

I didn’t initially think that they were a mix of winter/all-season/summer, meaning they are different composites that work differently depending on the temperature. You really do wonder what went through the previous owner’s head.

Overall best all-season tyres

  • 1. Michelin CrossClimate 2
  • 2.    Pirelli Cinturato All Season SF2
  • 3.    Continental AllSeasonContact
  • 4.    Vredestein Quatrac
  • 5.    Goodyear Vector 4Seasons Gen 3
  • 6.    6th: Bridgestone Weather Control A005 EVO
  • 7.    Nokian SeasonProof


Are all-season Tyres worth it? It’s highly recommended during the winter when it snows a few times a year. Then after winter ends, you can put on your old sleep-worn-out Tyres back on. Snow in the US has been getting worse every year. Best to drive safely and avoid accidents. 

Energy-saving Tyres

Energy-saving tyres are tyres that have been created to use less energy, and therefore less fuel, to run. They are constructed to require a reduced amount of energy to propel the vehicle along, and as the engine is not required to work as hard, less fuel is used.

An average vehicle uses up to 20% of its fuel to overcome the forces working on it, known as rolling resistance.

Optimized to provide enhanced efficiency and reduce fuel consumption, energy-saving tyres will not provide the same level of performance characteristics such as precise steering and excellent handling as you could expect from high-performance tyres.

Are energy-saving Tyres worth it? Energy-saving Tyres will reduce your fuel consumption and help to reduce your carbon footprint in comparison to other Tyres that have been constructed to offer high performance.

As well as saving you money on fuel and decreasing CO2 emissions, energy-saving tyres are usually more resistant to wear to provide an enhanced tyre life.

Best energy-saving tyres? According to many experts in the automobile industry and based on my research, the best tire is Michelin Energy Saver+ provides safety, stability, and low fuel consumption. Its asymmetric tread pattern and large shoulder grooves provide excellent grip on both dry and wet roads and efficient water drainage, protecting the car from aquaplaning.

Energy-saving tyres work because they? A specialist compound is used in the construction of energy-saving tyres, which works to reduce heat loss and maintain optimum stiffness.

Sports Tyres

If you are looking for speed and safety, it is for you. It takes every step possible to deliver a quiet, comfortable ride. 

Many companies make their own sports cars tyre. If you have to ride super sports or powerful car, then you have to go with them with all-weather performance, fast warm-up, good handling, and longevity. The compound of a Sports tyre is aimed toward the optimum grip, but it requires conditions that meet the following: a warm tyre, grippy surface, and no surface water.

What are the best Tyres for sports cars? The aspect of performance the Bridgestone Potenza RE-71R and BFGoodrich Rival S and S 1.5 are the best Tyres to have, followed closely by the Dunlop Direzza ZIII and the Hankook Ventus RS4.

Best noise sports tyre for car? If you want a tire that’s a little more civilized in terms of noise and a little better in the wet, go with the Continental ExtremeContact Sport or the Michelin Pilot Sport 4S.

How much is tire pressure in sports cars? The recommended pressure in Front / Rear is 40-45 PSI / 30-40 psi PSI; check your tire pressure in the morning before hitting the road for the day, and adjust your Tyres based on that reading. But the nitrogen will be a better option than the regular air, and it slightly keeps the tyre temperature low.

Off-road Tyres

Whether the roads are slippery, wet, dry, sandy, etc., the stability will be maintained. If you ride high-speed with wide off-road Tyres, you will be completely stable with no grip loosening.

You can better go for block pattern Tyres for mild the road than bush type tyre for proper off-road; the latter does not have a good grip on normal roads.

Goodyear Fierce Attitude MT Tire off road tyre
Goodyear Fierce Attitude MT Tire off road tyre

types of off-road tyres 

  • 1) HT Tyres – HT or Highway Terrain tyres are used for usual driving on roads and highways. They provide a good grip on the road and cornering; they are silent and also help to provide good mileage.
  • 2 ) AT Tyres – AT or All-Terrain Tyres can be used on roads as well as for mild off-roading. They are silent but louder as compared to HT Tyres. They can be used for mild off-roading. Overall they are a combination of on-road and mild off-road tyres.
  • 3) MT Tyres – MT or Mud Terrain tyres are used for extreme off-roading. The tread of MT tyres provides good traction off the road; in the event of crossing mud and slush or in the case of vertical climbs or rock crawling, MT tyres ease up the driving.

Can I use off-road Tyres on the highway? NO, You CAN use them opposite to what they were designed, but it just won’t be as efficient. Can you go swimming with leather boots on your feet? Sure. Can you take a long hike in the mountains wearing flip-flops? Sure. Is either of them being used as designed?

Are off-road Tyres worth it? If you intend to travel through harsh environments on a regular basis, then yes, “off-road Tyres” are worth it.

About Carssurf

Curious about knowing about cars or looking for a Beginner guide. This website will be your most valuable resources get answers of all your burning question about cars.